India is blessed with rich mineral resources. Geochemical exploration is one of the best modern tools for exploring new potential areas to meet the future requirements of our country. Hence a need was felt to promote Applied Geochemistry as a subject in Osmania University. As the modern geochemical laboratory and trained personnel were available, Osmania University created the Department of Applied Geochemistry in October, 1991 and subsequently a two year (four semesters) M.Sc. Applied Geochemistry course was started apart from already existing one year course of P.G. Diploma/M.Sc. (Tech) Applied Geochemistry.